100W Power Amplifier Circuit Diagram

100W Power Amplifier Circuit using TIP142 TIP147
100W Power Amplifier Circuit

Introduction

A power amplifier is an electronic device used to amplify the power of a signal, typically from a low-power source such as a microphone or a pre-amplifier, to a level suitable for driving loudspeakers or other high-power loads. A 100W power amplifier circuit is a popular choice among audio enthusiasts due to its ability to deliver high-quality sound reproduction and adequate power output. In this article, we will discuss a circuit diagram for a 100W power amplifier using TIP142, TIP147, TIP41, and two BC556 transistors. We will also provide specifications for each of these transistors.

100W Power Amplifier Circuit Diagram

The circuit diagram for the 100W power amplifier is fairly straightforward, utilizing a combination of five powerful transistors. The TIP142 and TIP147 are darlington transistors, while the TIP41 is a general-purpose NPN transistor. The pair of BC556 is a PNP transistor commonly used in audio amplifier circuits. The following diagram illustrates how these transistors are interconnected to form the power amplifier circuit.



100W Power Amplifier Circuit Diagram
100W Power Amplifier Circuit Diagram
35V power supply Circuit Diagram
35V power supply Circuit Diagram




More Circuit Layouts





Components List of 100W Power Amplifier Circuit

Following is the list of all components used in this project:

  • TIP142 Darlington NPN Transistor x 1
  • TIP147 Darlington PNP Transistor x 1
  • TIP41 Darlington NPN Transistor x 1
  • BC556 PNP Transistor x 2
  • 0.33Ω – 5W Resister x 2
  • 3.3kΩ – 1W Resister x 1
  • 22kΩ Resister x 2
  • 220Ω Resister x 1
  • 33Ω Resister x 1
  • 27kΩ Resister x 1
  • 10uF Capacitor x 2
  • 100uF Capacitor x 1
  • 1N4007 Diode x 2
  • Speaker 4Ω to 8Ω
  • Power Supply 24V to 35V Symmetrical (Dual)




Working Explanation of 100W Power Amplifier Circuit

The input signal is first amplified by the BC556 transistor, acting as a pre-amplifier, and then passed on to the darlington transistors for further amplification. The TIP142 and TIP147 transistors are configured in a complementary pair, with the TIP142 being an NPN transistor and the TIP147 being a PNP transistor. This configuration ensures balanced amplification of both positive and negative halves of the input signal. The TIP41 transistor acts as a driver for the darlington pair, providing the necessary current gain.

Specifications of TIP142 Transistor:

  • Transistor Type: NPN Darlington
  • Maximum Collector-Emitter Voltage: 100V
  • Maximum Collector Current: 10A
  • Maximum Power Dissipation: 125W
  • DC Current Gain (hFE): 1000 (min)
  • Package Type: TO-247

Specifications of TIP147 Transistor:

  • Transistor Type: PNP Darlington
  • Maximum Collector-Emitter Voltage: 100V
  • Maximum Collector Current: 10A
  • Maximum Power Dissipation: 125W
  • DC Current Gain (hFE): 1000 (min)
  • Package Type: TO-247

Specifications of TIP41 Transistor:

  • Transistor Type: NPN
  • Maximum Collector-Emitter Voltage: 100V
  • Maximum Collector Current: 6A
  • Maximum Power Dissipation: 40W
  • DC Current Gain (hFE): 40-160
  • Package Type: TO-220

Specifications of BC556 Transistor:

  • Transistor Type: PNP
  • Maximum Collector-Emitter Voltage: -65V
  • Maximum Collector Current: -100mA
  • Maximum Power Dissipation: 500mW
  • DC Current Gain (hFE): 80-600
  • Package Type: TO-92




Conclusion of 100W Power Amplifier Circuit

The 100W power amplifier circuit using transistors is an effective design for audio enthusiasts looking for a high-powered amplifier with excellent sound quality. The darlington transistors, TIP142 and TIP147, provide a significant current gain, allowing for efficient amplification of the input signal. The TIP41 transistor acts as a driver for the darlington pair, ensuring stable and reliable operation. The BC556 transistor serves as a preamplifier, further enhancing the audio signal before being amplified by the power transistors.

It is important to note that while this circuit diagram provides a solid foundation for a power amplifier, additional components such as a power supply, heat sinks, and protection circuits may be necessary to ensure optimal performance and safety. Furthermore, it is always recommended to follow proper safety precautions and consult expert guidance when working with high-power electronic circuits.

In conclusion, the 100W power amplifier circuit using TIP142, TIP147, TIP41, and BC556 transistors is a reliable and efficient solution for audio enthusiasts seeking a powerful amplifier with excellent sound reproduction. By understanding the specifications and proper configuration of each transistor, one can build a high-quality power amplifier capable of delivering impressive audio performance.

More projects, You may like:



For more project and circuit diagrams, you can go through the Schematics in the main menu where you can find many interesting projects and circuit diagrams like audio amplifier circuits, voltage booster circuitbattery charger circuit and timer circuits etc., which are all beginner circuit projects. Feel free to check them out!

100W Power Amplifier Circuit Diagram with TIP142 and TIP147 Transistors
100W Power Amplifier Circuit Diagram

Thank you for visiting the article.

(Visited 3,404 times, 15 visits today)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.