Inverters are devices that convert DC power to AC power and are used to power electrical appliances and equipment in homes and industries. Inverters are common in areas where there is no access to public electricity or as backup power in case of a power outage. In this article, we will explore how to make a 250W inverter that converts 12V DC to 220V AC using the IRF4410 and SG3525 IC.
SG3525 IC: The SG3525 is a pulse width modulation (PWM) controller integrated circuit (IC) capable of producing high-frequency switching signals for power inverters, motor drivers, and other voltage-controlled applications. The IC features a programmable oscillator, a reference voltage generator, error amplifier, pulse width modulator, and output drivers that can be configured to generate single or multiple PWM signals. The SG3525 operates with an input voltage range from 8V to 35V, and it can provide output signals of up to 30V or +/- 15V dual power supply.
IRF4410 MOSFET: The IRF4410 is a high-performance power MOSFET designed for applications such as DC-DC converters, motor control, and power switching circuits. The device features a low on-state resistance of 13 milliohms, allowing high current to pass through with minimal losses. It also has a high voltage rating of 100V, making it suitable for high-power applications. The IRF4410 has a low gate charge, which makes it easy to drive in high-frequency switching circuits. Its TO-220 package allows for easy mounting onto a heatsink for improved thermal performance. The IRF4410 is an N-Channel MOSFET that can handle currents of up to 97A and dissipate up to 250W.
Circuit Diagram of of How to Make 250W Inverter
This project can be designed using a few basic components. The circuit diagram of this project is shown below.
More Circuit Layouts
of How to Make 250W Inverter
Following is the list of all components used in this project:
- 1x SG3525 IC
- 2 x IRF4410 MOSFETS
- 1x LED
- 1x 1uF CAPACITOR
- 1x 100uF CAPACITOR
- 2x 10K TRIMPOT
- 3x 100Ω RESISTOR
- 1x 1K RESISTOR
- 1x 2 PIN TERMINAL BLOCK
- 1x 3 PIN TERMINAL BLOCK
- PREF BOARD
- JUMPER WIRES
Explanation of How to Make 250W Inverter
The IRF4410 and SG3525 IC works together to form a square wave generator that controls the MOSFETs. The square wave generator produces 50Hz frequency.
Step 1: Gather the necessary components
To make a 250W inverter, you will need all the components listed above in the Components List section.
Step 2: Assemble the circuit
Follow the steps below to assemble the circuit:
- Place SG3525 IC on vero board and 2-pole connector for 12v battery connection.
- Connect +12v to pin-13, pin-15 and Ground to pin-10, pin-12 of the IC.
- Connect 100uf positive pin to +12v and negative to ground.
- Connect 1uf positive to pin-5 of ic and negative to ground.
- Solder 100 ohms resister’s both sides to pin-5 and pin-7 of IC.
- Join left and center pins of 10k potentiometer together and connect it to pin-6 of IC. And right pin to ground.
- Connect on side of 1k resister to +12v and other side to LED positive. Negative side of LED to ground.
- Place two IRF4410 mosfets and connect their pin-3 to ground.
- Also connect pin-2 of both mosfets to transformer’s both input (left & right).
- Connect +12v to center tape of the transformer.
- Connect two 100 ohms resisters from pin-1 of both mosfets to pin-11 and pin-14 respectively.
- Connect the last two 10k resisters from pin-1 of both mosfets to ground.
- Connect the output of the transformer to a terminal board.
- Connect a heat sink to the MOSFETs.
Step 3: Test the circuit
After assembling the circuit, it is recommended to test the circuit before putting it into use. Connect a 12V DC power source to the circuit and use a multimeter to measure the output voltage from the transformer. The output voltage should be around 220V AC. Adjust the potentiometer to fine-tune the voltage output.
Conclusion of How to Make 250W Inverter
In conclusion, making a 250W inverter that converts 12V DC to 220V AC using the IRF4410 and SG3525 IC is not a difficult task. By following the steps outlined above, you can assemble the circuit and enjoy a continuous supply of power for your electrical appliances and equipment. Remember to test the circuit before putting it into use and ensure that you use the right components and follow the circuit diagram to avoid damaging the circuit or exposing yourself to danger. With these simple steps, you can have a reliable inverter at home or office.
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